Planning a Trip to Yellowstone National Park – Practical Guide Essential Info

Planning my road trip to Yellowstone National Park, the very first national park in the USA and one of the most visited national parks in the USA, for Memorial Day long weekend in May was daunting.

Yellowstone is HUGE and there are several entrances, and it’s expensive to visit in the summer. High season is June through August so it’s best to plan your trip in advance. Use this guide as the beginning planning stage for your Yellowstone trip. I’ll publish suggested itineraries soon. Check out my 5 BIG reasons to visit Yellowstone National Park!


Winter season in Yellowstone

Now open for the winter season, on December 15th 2018 Yellowstone opened to the public for motorized snow travel. There is a catch though, this includes commercial snowcoaches and snowmobiles entering the park at West and South entrances.

Most visitors to the park in winter use a guided tour to enter the park. But you can use also apply for a permit to enter the park on non-commercial snowmobiles.

Entering Yellowstone on snowmobile without commercial guide

All non-commercial snowmobile traffic, groups up to 5 snowmobiles, must apply in September for the lottery. Any permits not filled through the lottery will go to visitors on first-come, first-served basis.

For more info on available permits and details about visiting Yellowstone in winter on your own visit



Tips for visiting Yellowstone National Park - plan your visit


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Luckily, I enjoy traveling with no definite itinerary. Although I made a list of attractions and places I would like to see in Yellowstone, I didn’t have a set itinerary for the 4 days I would be visiting. I knew I wanted to see Grand Prismatic Spring, geysers, waterfalls, and wildlife but I did not prepare a day to day itinerary.


Grand Prismatic Spring is a sensational sight at Yellowstone National Park

Grand Prismatic Spring is a sensational sight at Yellowstone National Park


For the people that like to plan ahead and have an itinerary in place, this post should help you work out some of the details for your Yellowstone adventure.

This post serves as a starting point to plan a trip to the park. I will write more about my solo trip to Yellowstone and what to expect visiting the first USA national park in the next couple of weeks.

Following are some FAQ to help you plan your Yellowstone vacation.


Where is Yellowstone National Park?

Yellowstone is located primarily in northwestern Wyoming. There is a small portion of the park in southern Montana as well as eastern Idaho.

Did you know that Yellowstone was the very first National Park in the United States?
Established in 1872 by the US Congress and officially signed into law by President Ulysses S. Grant on March 1, 1872.


What towns and cities are close to Yellowstone?

Towns within 10 miles

  • West Yellowstone, Montana
  • East Yellowstone, Wyoming
  • Gardiner, Montana (northern Yellowstone)
  • Cook City / Silver Gate, Montana (Northeastern Yellowstone)


Map of Yellowstone National Park by Google

Map of Yellowstone National Park by Google


Towns within 50 miles

NORTH of Yellowstone

  • Big Sky, Montana
  • Livingston, Montana
  • Gardiner, Montana
  • Red Lodge, Montana

SOUTH of Yellowstone

  • Dubois, Wyoming
  • Jackson, also referred to as Jackson Hole, Wyoming

EAST of Yellowstone

  • Wapiti, Wyoming
  • Cody, Wyoming

WEST of Yellowstone

  • Island Park, Idaho


Antler arch in Jackson Hole Wyoming. Made from elk antlers, there are 4 arches at the town square in Jackson

Antler arch at the town square in Jackson Hole Wyoming


What is the closest airport to Yellowstone?

Jackson Hole is the closest airport and the airport code is JAC.


How big is Yellowstone National Park?

Almost 3,500 square miles. That’s about the size of Puerto Rico!


Upper Falls at Yellowstone National Park

Upper Falls at Yellowstone National Park


Where is the entrance to Yellowstone National Park?

There are 5 entrances to Yellowstone.

  • North entrance is near Gardiner Montana (the only entrance open year-round at Yellowstone)
  • Northeast entrance is near Silver Gate Montana
  • East entrance is 53 miles from Cody Wyoming
  • West entrance is accessed through the town of West Yellowstone Montana
  • South entrance is located in Wyoming, just north of Grand Teton National Park, 64 miles north of Jackson Hole Wyoming

Click here for map of Yellowstone and Grand Teton National Parks


What is the admittance fee to visit Yellowstone National Park?

All prices quoted are as at June 2018

  • 7 day pass (this is the shortest time-frame for passes sold at US national parks)
  • Single non-commercial vehicle $35
  • Motorcycle or snowmobile $30
  • Individual on foot, bicycle, ski, snowshoe, etc $15
  • Annual Yellowstone pass is $70
  • Annual America the Beautiful Parks pass (good for over 2,000 federal recreation sites) $80
  • Seniors over age 62 pay $20 annual or lifetime pass for $80


Check the National Park Service website for all pass options


What are the hours of Yellowstone National Park?

July and August the park is open 24 hours with all roads, facilities, and services are opened.

All other months there may be closures at some facilities, services, or roadways. Check NPS for the most up to date opening times, road closures, facilities open – every year the dates vary depending on the weather conditions.



Mud volcano area at Yellowstone National Park is fascinating

Mud volcano area at Yellowstone National Park is fascinating


Can I bring my dog to Yellowstone National Park?

  • There is limited access for pets at Yellowstone. Pets are not allowed on trails, boardwalks, backcountry, or thermal areas.
  • You cannot tie your pet to a fence or tree, or leave your pet unattended at the park.
  • There are no kennels within Yellowstone but there are kennels in nearby towns.
  • Qualified service animals are allowed in the park, but they must be leashed. See NPS site for definition of service animals.


Will I see wildlife at Yellowstone National Park?

Wildlife watching is one of the key attractions at Yellowstone. Yes, you are likely to see wildlife while visiting the park.

Wild animals are unpredictable and can be dangerous. Always keep a safe distance from wildlife in the park. Use your binoculars or a telephoto lens on your camera to view wildlife from a safe distance and to avoid disturbing the wildlife. Stay at least 100 yards (91 meters) from bears or wolves, and 25 yards (23 meters) from other wildlife while in the park.



Bison roam freely at Yellowstone National Park so you will likely see bison grazing when you visit Yellowstone

Bison grazing at Yellowstone National Park


What type of wildlife could I see at Yellowstone National Park?

67 kinds of mammals and 285 species of birds, including

  • Bison
  • Bighorn Sheep
  • Black Bears
  • Grizzly Bears
  • Badgers
  • Mule Deer
  • White-tail Deer
  • Elk
  • Moose
  • Mountain Goats
  • Fox
  • Lynx
  • Bobcat
  • Cougar
  • Coyote
  • Otters
  • Marmot
  • Marten
  • Weasel
  • Wolf
  • Wolverine
  • Owls
  • Ducks
  • Geese
  • Bald Eagle
  • Golden Eagle
  • Peregrine Falcon
  • Osprey
  • Trumpeter Swan


Yellow bellied marmot at Yellowstone National Park

Yellow bellied marmot at Yellowstone National Park


You may have heard about a plan to allow hunting of grizzly bears in 2018. Just days before the hunting season is to begin, a federal judge has halted the grizzly bear hunt for 14 days, as of August 31, 2018. Yellowstone National Park grizzly population is approximately 690. In 1975 the US Fish and Wildlife Service listed the grizzly bear in the lower 48 states as threatened with extinction. At that time the grizzly population at Yellowstone was 136. In 2017 the US Fish and Wildlife Service removed grizzlies around Yellowstone from the protected list.

Do I need to bring bear spray?

It’s your choice but when you are in bear country it is best to be prepared for a bear encounter. That includes having bear spray and knowing how to use it properly.

A Yellowstone grizzly bear attacked a 10 year old boy hiking with his family on Thursday August 23, 2018. The boy survived the attack and National Park Superintendent Pat Kenney stated “This incident could have been more serious. We applaud the family for travelling in a group, carrying bear spray, and knowing how to effectively use it”.

While grizzly bear attacks are rare you have got to be prepared.

Watch the video on NPS website and learn how to use bear spray correctly.

Read more information on bear safety at Yellowstone at NPS website



Mama grizzly bear and cubs at Yellowstone National Park

Mama grizzly bear and cubs at Yellowstone National Park


What is the name of the river in Yellowstone?

Yellowstone River is the largest river in Yellowstone National Park. That’s one you can remember for sure.

Other rivers in Yellowstone include:

  • Bechler
  • Falls
  • Firehole
  • Gallatin
  • Gardiner
  • Gibbon
  • Heart
  • Lamar
  • Lewis
  • Little Firehole
  • Little Lamar
  • Madison
  • Snake



Lower Falls at Yellowstone National Park

Lower Falls at Yellowstone National Park


What are the most beautiful waterfalls at Yellowstone National Park?

Here’s my list of gorgeous waterfalls at Yellowstone. The most beautiful waterfall is the one you are watching when you are there, enjoy!

  • Firehole Falls
  • Gibbon Falls
  • Kepler Falls
  • Lewis Falls
  • Lower Falls Yellowstone River, at over 300 feet (33 meters) the tallest in Yellowstone
  • Mammoth Falls
  • Mystic Falls
  • Tower Falls
  • Undine Falls
  • Upper Yellowstone River Falls


How many days to spend in Yellowstone National Park?

Depends how many bison traffic jams you experience. Seriously, there are traffic jams due to the free-roaming bison herd on the roadways.

To see the most popular attractions at Yellowstone, you need about 3 days in the park. Long weekends are very popular times for visiting Yellowstone so expect lots of traffic.

For my trip I arrived on Saturday afternoon and left on the following Wednesday so 3 full days plus an afternoon/evening. You can do Yellowstone in 3 or 4 days without feeling rushed.

Keep in mind that weather and crowds/traffic could hamper your plans, so try to plan an extra day or two to accommodate conditions that are beyond anyone’s control.

Also consider the location where you are staying and how much time you will spend driving to and from the park. For instance,  I stayed at the Mountain Modern Motel in Jackson which is 64 miles from the south Yellowstone entrance.

Driving time depends on other traffic, bison or other wildlife on the roadway, weather conditions, and how many times you stop to snap pictures along the way. Plan accordingly.


Gibbon Falls at Yellowstone National Park

Gibbon Falls at Yellowstone National Park


How much do campsites cost?

Campsite fees range from $15 to $30 (except for Fishing Bridge RV park – see below) and there are over 2,000 campsites at Yellowstone.

Check out campground details here.

Reservations are allowed at 5 of the 12 campgrounds in Yellowstone, while all others are filled on a first-come first-served basis.

There are also backcountry campsites for a fee of $3 per person per night but it maxes out at $15/night so groups of more than 5 still only pay $15 per night. Fees apply to persons age 9 or older. Fees are only charged between Memorial Day and September 10th. If your trip begins before Memorial Day or after September 10th there is no fee charged. If you plan to do a lot of backcountry camping at Yellowstone buy the annual pass for $25.

Click here for Yellowstone Backcountry Permit Reservation form. Only some of the backcountry campsites are available by reservation.


Can I park my RV at Yellowstone?

Fishing Bridge RV park is the only campsite with full services for RVs: water, sewer, electrical (50 amp) and no tents or tent trailers are allowed at the campground.

Fee at Fishing Bridge RV park is $47.75 (tax and utility pass-through fee is extra)

(All other campsite details see link in previous question on campsite prices)


Artist Point Overlook at Yellowstone National Park is beautiful

Artist Point Overlook at Yellowstone National Park is beautiful


Are there hotels in Yellowstone National Park?

There are 9 hotels in the park. In winter only 2 are open, but spring through fall all 9 lodges are open in Yellowstone.

Winter Lodges in Yellowstone

  • Old Faithful Snow Lodge and Cabins – open December 16, 2018 through March 3, 2019
  • Mammoth Hot Springs and Cabins – open until October 14, 2018 then closed for renovations through winter 2019

Is there food available in Yellowstone?

No worries, you will not starve at Yellowstone even if you did not pack a picnic lunch. There are several restaurants, stores, and visitor centers with food available for purchase in Yellowstone.


What is the weather like at Yellowstone National Park?

Weather is unpredictable, especially near the Rocky Mountains. During high season and summer months, the weather at Yellowstone is usually pleasant but be prepared for a variety of weather. In late fall, winter, and early spring the weather will be more erratic.


What are the best hiking trails at Yellowstone National Park?

It depends what you are looking for and and how much time your have. Here’s a list of hikes to get you started.

8 Easy hikes at Yellowstone

  • Upper Geyser Basin and Old Faithful Observation Point Loop
  • Artist Paintpots Trail
  • Midway Gesyser Basin Trail
  • West Thumb Geyser Basin Trail
  • Norris Geyser Basin Complete Loop Trail
  • Beaver Ponds Loop Trail
  • Mud Volcano Trail
  • Fairy Creek Trail to Imperial Geyser

5 Moderate hikes at Yellowstone

  • Canyon Rim North Trail to Inspiration Point
  • Mystic Falls Trail and Fairy Creek – Little Firehole Loop
  • Uncle Tom’s Trail
  • Upper Falls, Lower Falls, and Crystal Falls Trail
  • Old Faithful Geyser Loop Trail

3 Strenuous hikes at Yellowstone

  • Dunraven Pass to Mt. Washburn Trail
  • Avalanche Peak Trail
  • Bunsen Peak

Buy a book about hiking trails at Yellowstone



Firehole Lake Drive at Yellowstone is a highly recommended attraction

Firehole Lake Drive at Yellowstone is a highly recommended attraction


What types of activities are there at Yellowstone?

  • Backcountry camping
  • Bicycling
  • Boating
  • Wildlife watching
  • Horseback riding and llama packing
  • Guided tours
  • Fishing
  • Stargazing
  • Scenic drives
  • Sunrise and sunset viewing

Winter only activities

  • Skiing
  • Snowshoeing
  • Snowmobile and snowcoach tours – I met a couple that visited Yellowstone in winter, Angie and Sam said they loved the snowcoach tour from West Yellowstone into the park.

Especially for kids

  • Junior Ranger program
  • Young scientist
  • Youth Conservation Corps
  • Expedition Yellowstone



Where do I find a map of Yellowstone National Park?

Go to any of the 9 visitor centers in Yellowstone National Park to get a map of the park. Most hotels in the area also have maps of Yellowstone so be sure to ask when you check-in to your hotel.

Link to map of Yellowstone and Grand Teton National Parks



Anemone Geyser at Yellowstone National Park

Anemone Geyser at Yellowstone National Park


Is there a volcano at Yellowstone National Park?

Yes, Yellowstone is a dormant super-volcano, and it could erupt again. Scientists believe the last eruption was approximately 640,000 years ago. When will the next super-volcano eruption occur? Could be sooner than you think!

You may have heard that Steamboat Geyser erupted an amazing 8 times in 2018 already. Amazing because prior to these eruptions Steamboat geyser’s last great show occurred September 3rd 2014.

Steamboat Geyser is located at Norris Geyser Basin which is close to Highway 89 and Norris Canyon Road, around 27 miles (43 km) south of Gardiner Montana and the North Entrance to Yellowstone.

All this thermal activity has scientists speculating that another super-volcano eruption could be coming soon at Yellowstone.



What is the best time to visit Yellowstone National Park?

April and May and September to November are less crowded and usually have pleasant weather.

July and August are the busy season for visiting Yellowstone. When kids are out of school and during long weekends are popular times for vacations to Yellowstone.

Winter is the least crowded time to vacation at Yellowstone. Hotel prices are cheaper. The snow looks beautiful.


Turquoise water at hot springs in Yellowstone National Park

Turquoise water at hot springs in Yellowstone National Park


What are the best guide books for Yellowstone National Park?

Here are 10 of the top books about Yellowstone to help you plan your trip.


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Yellowstone National Park plan your trip to one of the most visited places in the USA. The first national park and over half of the world's thermal features are located at Yellowstone. #yellowstone #vacationYellowstone National Park 25 Trip Planning FAQ


I hope this guide helps you to plan a trip to Yellowstone and enjoy all the beauty and wonder at the park. This is one of the most amazing places to visit in the USA.

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About the Author

Susan Moore spent 7 months traveling around Southeast Asia back in the 90's. Returning to Canada she found a job working on rotation in Siberia Russia. She later moved to Austin Texas where she started a bookkeeping business, allowing her to work remotely. Currently Susan is in year 4 of living a nomadic life, roadtripping around the USA and Canada and writing about her experiences. Read all about Susan » You can reach Susan Moore at Facebook or Twitter or Instagram

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  1. Wow. This was a really comprehensive post. Yellowstone has been on my radar for years ever since visiting Moab so I was really interested in knowing more. I was quite impressed with all the information you had. Great work!

    • Thank you Janice! There is so much to do and see at Yellowstone and since it”s such a big park it can be overwhelming planning a trip there. That’s when I decided to put some of the most FAQ together for this post. I hope you make the trip to Yellowstone, it truly is an amazing place, you will love it, almost as much as you love France :)

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